DLC.link 词汇表

A Non-Fungible Token (NFT)

A unique cryptographic token that exists on a blockchain and cannot be replicated. It can represent the identity or property rights of digital or physical items like artwork and real estate on a blockchain.

Application Programming Interface (API)

A set of definitions for different types of requests and calls that can be made, the data types that can be used, and how to make those requests. It acts as a bridge between two software systems, enabling data transfer between them.

Bitcoin Dominance

A metric for the relative market share of BTC compared to all other cryptocurrencies. It's obtained by dividing the market capitalization of all other cryptocurrencies by the market capitalization of Bitcoin multiplied by 100.

Bitcoin Hashrate

The computational power miners spend to process and confirm transactions on the Bitcoin blockchain. It's an indicator of the network's level of security and decentralization.

Bitcoin+

比特币被视为最佳的去中心化和弹性资产,可作为原始抵押品,并应具备与银行等其他系统整合和交流的能力。

Block

A set of Bitcoin transactions from a certain period. Blocks are arranged on top of each other so that one block depends on the previous to form a chain of transactions - blockchain.

Block Height

A specific location in a blockchain is measured by the number of confirmed blocks preceding it. The current block height of a blockchain indicates its current size or time in existence.

Blockchain

A distributed ledger with growing lists of records (blocks) securely linked together through cryptographic hashes. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data.

Burning

Burning a cryptocurrency means intentionally and permanently removing some tokens or coins from circulation by sending them to inaccessible or unusable addresses. It reduces the total supply of an asset and consequently controls inflation.

Consensus Mechanism

A consensus mechanism or algorithm is a fault-tolerant system through which blockchain nodes agree about the network's current state. It establishes immutability and security in a blockchain network.

Counterparty Risk

Counterparty risk in crypto refers to the likelihood or possibility of one party involved in a transaction failing to fulfil/honour their obligations, resulting in potential losses for the other party.

DeFi 协议

构造成单个 DeFi 组织架构的一系列智能合约的集合

Decentralization

The transfer of power, authority, control, and decision-making processes from a centralized entity to a larger distributed network. Public blockchains, like Bitcoin, are politically decentralized (no one controls them) and architecturally decentralized (there is no infrastructural central point of failure). However, they are logically centralized (there is one commonly agreed state, and the system behaves like a single computer.)

Decentralized Application (DApp)

A software application running on a decentralized network, typically a blockchain. Unlike traditional applications on centralized servers, DApps function on peer-to-peer networks, meaning single entities or individuals do not control them.

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

A system designed to distribute decision-making, management, and ownership of an entity. Decisions are made from the bottom up and governed by a community organized around specific rules enforced by smart contracts.

Decentralized Finance (DeFi)

去中心化金融的缩写

Do Your Own Research

Do Your Own Research, commonly abbreviated as DYOR, is a crypto slang emphasizing the importance of conducting thorough research and due diligence into a project before investing in it.

Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF)

An investment vehicle that tracks the value of an asset, like Bitcoin, and trades on traditional market exchanges instead of crypto exchanges. It offers traditional investors a regulated investment option, enabling them to invest in BTC, for example, without directly owning it.

Genesis Block

The first validated block in a blockchain holding significance as the starting point for all subsequent blocks and transactions. The Bitcoin genesis block was mined on January 03, 2009, marking the birth of the Bitcoin blockchain.

Hold On for Dear Life (HODL)

A long-term investment strategy where individuals buy and hold assets for a long time, resisting the temptation to sell for short-term gains.

Know Your Customer (KYC)

The process of verifying customer identities to help curb fraud, corruption, money laundering, and terrorism financing activities.

Mainnet

A live version of an independent blockchain running its own network with its own infrastructure, such as the Bitcoin mainnet. It forms the backbone of a blockchain ecosystem, responsible for validating, recording, and broadcasting transactions.

Market Cap

Market capitalization or market cap is a metric used in both traditional and crypto markets to measure and track the market value of an asset. It's calculated by multiplying the current price of an asset by its circulating supply.

Multisig Wallet

A multisig wallet requires more than 1 private key to access crypto assets or sign transactions. It brings an extra level of security, minimizing the likelihood of compromising a wallet.

Node

A computer that participates in a blockchain network by storing, confirming, and broadcasting transactions and blocks to other computers. Any individual can run a node anywhere in the world as long as they're connected to a decentralized network and meet the minimum requirements.

Satoshis

Satoshis, named after the pseudonymous Bitcoin creator, Satoshi Nakamoto, are the smallest units of Bitcoin (BTC). 1 Satoshi is equivalent to 100 millionth of a BTC.

Schnorr Signature

A type of digital signature invented in the 1980s that facilitates signature aggregation while maintaining privacy standards.

Seed Round

An early investment in a private company or project in exchange for equity (a share of ownership and future revenue.)

Solidity

一种面向对象的编程语言,用于在区块链平台(如以太坊)上构建和设计智能合约。它在以太坊虚拟机(EVM)上编译和运行。

Testnet

An identical copy of a blockchain network created for the sole purpose of testing out new products and features. It functions as a development hotbed where developers can try out new functionalities before integrating them into the main blockchain – mainnet.

Total Value Locked (TVL)

A metric used to measure the overall health of a DeFi protocol. It helps to gauge whether a DeFi asset is undervalued or overvalued. For example, if it is below 1, it's likely undervalued.

Two-Factor Auntentication (2FA)

An extra layer of protection for online accounts – in addition to usernames and passwords. It requires the input of codes generated by SMS or authentication Apps, such as the Google Authenticator App.

Unspent Transaction Output (UTXO)

The amount of digital currency remaining after completing a crypto transaction. It can be used as input in a new transaction.

以太坊

以太坊是一个去中心化的区块链,用于智能合约和dapp

以太坊(ETH)

以太坊网络的原生通证。以太坊上的所有交易都需要用ETH支付gas费。

以太坊虚拟机 (EVM)

以太坊区块链中智能合约的运行环境。

债务

个人所负有的经济责任。

偿还债务

支付或偿还债务或解决未决索赔的义务

分类账簿 (金融)

用于进行分类或账目管理的记录。

利率

利率是贷款人向借款人收取的货币使用费。

区块链预言机

区块链预言机一个连接链上和链下实体的中继器,能够在两个环境之间双向传递数据。

去中心化交易所 (DEX)

一种基于区块链的交易平台,它不会将用户资金和个人数据存储在服务器上,而只是作为基础设施来匹配希望买卖数字资产的买家和卖家。

存款

将一定金额的资金存入银行或其他金融机构进行保管。

抵押品

抵押品是指借款人向贷款人提供的作为贷款担保的资产或财产。

智能合约

程序存储于区块链上,当满足预设条件时自动执行。

比特币(BTC)

一种去中心化的数字货币和一种电子现金。

法币

政府发行的法定货币

波动性

波动性指与资产价值相关的不确定性或风险程度。

流动性提供者(LP)

将资产存入流动性池,以供去中心化交易所(DEX)的用户进行自动做市(AMM)。流动性提供者通常通过获得激励奖励来鼓励他们将资产存入池中。

流动性提供通证

流动性提供通证是一种代币,用于向流动性提供者发放作为他们将资产存入流动性池的凭证。这些通证可以像其他通证一样与DeFi智能合约进行交易或使用。

流动性池子

去中心化交易所(DEX)使用的资产池,使用自动做市商(AMM)方法创建加密资产交易场所。池子里的代币由流动性提供者提供。

清算处罚

当清算人购买抵押品的资产时,作为已过清算门槛的贷款清算的一部分,对抵押品的资产价格收取的费用.

清算门槛

贷款价值与抵押品价值之比,使贷款有资格被清算。

自动做市商 (AMM)

自动做市商(AMM)是一种用于去中心化金融(DeFi)的算法交易系统,旨在促进数字资产的流动性和交易。

自我封装

自我封装是指将被标记的资产持有到被包装资产钱包的主用户内的另一个区块链上。

认证者

DLC认证者为潜在的合约结果创建预签名, 这些签名使用了用户的密钥、自己的私钥和nonce。复杂的结果可能会产生多个预签名。当DLC关闭时,认证者检查观察到的结果并对相应的签名进行验证,从而允许获胜方执行合同。

谨慎日志合约 (DLC)

谨慎日志合约(DLC)旨在促进双方或多方之间有条件、复杂的比特币支付。通过创建一个谨慎日志合约,各方可以建立一份货币合约,重新分配资金给对方,而无需向区块链透露任何细节。与普通的多重签名输出不同,在比特币区块链上出现的谨慎日志合约不会被外部观察者从公共分类账中察觉到其存在或细节。

货币对

指两种不同货币之间的汇率。例如,CAD/USD,其中基础货币“CAD”表示需要多少报价货币“USD”才能获得一个单位的基础货币。例如,加元/美元货币对,加元将是基础货币,美元将是报价货币。如果CAD/USD = 0.75,这意味着1加元等于0.75美元。

贷款价值比(LTV)

在加密领域, 有时被称为抵押品因素,指的是借款人可以以特定抵押品作为担保所能获得的最大资产数量。该比率以百分比表示(例如,在LTV=75%时,每1 ETH价值的抵押品,借款人将能够借入相应货币价值0.75 ETH)。一旦发生借款交易,LTV会随着市场条件变化而调整。在金融领域中,它代表了贷款与购买资产价值之间的比例关系。

资产

资产是个人、公司或国家所拥有或控制的具有价值的实物或权益,其预期能够带来未来利益。

钱包

加密货币钱包是一种专门设备

非托管

一种描述管理加密货币资产的服务或软件的方式,允许用户完全掌握加密证明这些资产所有权的私钥。

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